1-Wire Wifi Sensor

I have finally reached a nice milestone in my 1-wire sensor board development: a small (50 x 50 mm), battery powered wifi board is able to send measurement data to Amazon AWS IOT.

The board is designed with KiCad and manufactured by Seeedstudio. This is actually my first board using surface-mounted components and also my first board designed with KiCad. I was very surprised that the board actually worked (no smoke at all) after putting it together using a cheap reflow oven bought from ebay.

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Thermometer with EMW3165

Old thermometer broken by the Cat

This project started when our cat decided that playing with our thermometer is a good idea. Obviously, the thing looks enough like mouse with tail, at least when looked with cat’s eyes. The play with it ended very quickly and result was broken cable between display and sensor.The easiest way to fix this would obviously be buying a new 10€ device from local hardware store. But as I already have a weather station running on top of garage roof I started thinking that it would be nice just to display temperature from there.

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WiFiMCU / EMW3165

After experimenting with EMW3162 module, I discovered about EMW3165. It is pretty much similar to EMW3162, but has Cortex-M4 cpu and extra 2Mb spi flash chip. It is also $2 cheaper than EMW3162.wifimcu

I bought some EMW3165 modules, but those seem a little bit challenging to solder on development board or breakout boards (someone mentioned those on emw3165.com). To ease my initial efforts with this module, I ended up in purchasing WifiMCU board from ebay. It plugs nicely to breadboard and has also one usart from module wired to USB-serial converter chip.

WifiMCU has lua firmware inside it. However, it is possible to attach standard SWD dongle to it (I used Segger’s J-Link) for reflashing and debugging.

While testing, I did some polishing for wiced-driver library – platform files from WICED-for-EMW are now used as-is without any patching. The test application is the same one I used for previous module, it is available at github.

This is a great module for building … something.

MXCHIP EMW3162 (Wiced Wifi) with Pico]OS

Just about every summer I have been thinking about building a sensor, which measures water temperature from the lake at our summer cottage. So I would need a board with few gpio ports to connect a DS1820 sensor and some radio communications to send data to my database server. As I already have Wifi access point installed it would nice be able to use it directly.

MXCHIP_EMW3162When I was researching for suitable parts for the system, I bumped into small module called EMW3162. The module has a STM32 Cortex-M3 microcontroller and Broadcom Cypress Wiced-compatible Wifi chip. The module costs less than $10 at Seeedstudio.com – more than popular ESP8266, but STM32 cpu has more memory and peripherals. For first module, a ~$20 development board is needed (either EMB-380-S2 or EMB-WICED-S).

To program the system, there are two alternatives: SDK provided by module maker MXCHIP and Wiced SDK provided by Broadcom. I ended experimenting with Wiced SDK, as Broadcom provides it for free (registration required, however) along with nice support community. SDK needs some patching for EMW3162, but required changes are available from github.

Wiced SDK provides multiple choices for network stack and RTOS. I ended trying FreeRTOS + LwIP combination, mostly those components being open source. Examples seem to work OK, so it is pretty easy to get things up and running.

But I have always been using Pico]OS for my embedded hobby projects. As Wiced SDK has clean api to add support for any RTOS, I couldn’t resist to start writing such layer for Pico]OS. It was actually quite easy task, all that was needed were ~15 functions to wrap Pico]OS services (threads, semaphores and queues mainly).

Pico]OS approach to building embedded systems is a little bit different than Wiced SDK, however. Wiced SDK seems like a one-stop service for about everything you’ll need to build a Wifi-enabled embedded system: it contains network stack, rtos and API functions for GPIO, ADC etc. Pico]OS on the contrary has quite powerful Makefile system which makes it easy to build separate module libraries for different needs.

I wanted to build a Pico]OS library module containing LwIP driver which I could use with existing picoos-lwip library (it uses currently HEAD revision from LwIP project). Luckily, Wiced SDK is pretty well organized and it was quite easy to find out which files I would need to compile for complete driver. There are rougly two layers in SDK: “WICED” – the full SDM and “WWD” – driver layer. I needed mostly files from WWD-layer only.

WICED SDK and Pico]OS have overlapping functionality when it comes to console serial port output/input. I wanted to use Pico]OS stuff also here, because I have a quite complete newlib syscall support layer in picoos-micro library, allowing me to use standard C stuff to print log messages and read/write files. I couldn’t find a way to fully disable USART support in WICED, so I ended up in patching SDK sources for that part.

Another, equally working approach would have been to disable console input/output api from Pico]OS nano layer and use it from Wiced SDK.

Wifi chip needs firmware before it actually works. I solved this a little bit differently than in Wiced SDK by putting the firmware file into filesystem (/firmware/CHIPNAME.bin) and serving it from there using pretty much standard C stuff.

The resulting wiced-driver library is available at Github, along with simple wiced-test application, which does nothing more than connects to access point and brings LwIP up so you can ping it.

I can now continue with my lake temperature sensor development, hopefully getting something up and running for next summer.